• The Next UN Secretary-General: Views From UN Watchers

    by  • April 3, 2016 • General Assembly, Secretary-General, Security Council • 1 Comment

    Ban Ki-moon, the UN secretary-general, and Angela Merkel, Germany's chancellor, at a press conference in Berlin on March 8, 2016. EVAN SCHNEIDER/UN PHOTO

    Ban Ki-moon, UN secretary-general, and Angela Merkel, Germany’s chancellor, at a press briefing in Berlin in March 2016. A new survey from FUNDS found Merkel to be the most-preferred candidate among respondents, although so far she is not a nominee. EVAN SCHNEIDER/UN PHOTO

    The results of the latest FUNDS survey of global experts, conducted during the winter of 2015-16, contains clear messages about the next United Nations secretary-general: s/he should be a world leader with integrity and political courage who will prioritize UN reform; and the election process should be open and transparent.

    There is more room for genuine leadership and independent initiatives by the UN’s executive head than many believe. Thus, the election of the ninth UN secretary-general (SG) between now and December 2016 is crucial to the future of the organization. The next leader will either help steer the UN back to a more central position in world affairs or preside over its continuing marginalization. Choosing the right person with the right qualities is essential.

    In the UN Charter, there is a single sentence devoted to the election of the world’s most senior diplomat: “appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.” In practice, SGs have always been chosen by a cabal of the five permanent members of the Security Council (United States, Russia, China, France and United Kingdom) on a no-objection (no veto) basis, while adhering to an informal regional rotation. Female candidates have rarely been put forward, and there has never been a female SG. This process eschews detailed examination of the merits of individual candidates and is manifestly undemocratic for a position of such importance.

    A better process is clearly needed and some welcome changes are being put in place for the next election, responding in part to the clamor for change from movements such as the 1 for 7 billion campaign and growing media attention. In September 2015, the General Assembly, or GA, asked the presidents of the Security Council and the GA to issue a joint letter to all member states inviting the nomination of candidates for SG, and requesting supporting documents including full curricula vitae. The letter was issued in December 2015 and a series of “informal dialogues” with the nominated candidates are being conducted by the GA from April 2016.

    To continue reading this briefing, click here.

    About

    Stephen Browne is Co-Director of the Future of the UN Development System (FUNDS) and Senior Fellow of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies, The Graduate Center, The City University of New York, and former Deputy Executive Director of the International Trade Center, Geneva. He is the author of several books on development and the UN, including “United Nations Industrial Development Organization,” “The United Nations Development Programme and System”; and co-editor with Thomas G. Weiss of “Post-2015 UN Development: Making Change Happen?”

    Fiona Curtin is the Communications Adviser of FUNDS, helping to coordinate the project’s communications and social media activities. She worked for more than 10 years at the UN and in the NGO sector in Geneva before becoming an independent consultant in London, where for the last five years she has been involved in a wide range of organizations and institutes focusing primarily on human rights and sustainable development.

    Thomas G. Weiss is Presidential Professor of Political Science and Director Emeritus of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies at The Graduate Center, City University of New York; he also is Co-Director of the FUNDS Project and of the Wartime History and the Future UN Project. Past President of the International Studies Association and chair of the Academic Council on the UN System, his most recent single-authored books include “Governing the World? Addressing ‘Problems without Passports’ “; “Global Governance: Why? What? Whither?”; “Humanitarian Business”; “What’s Wrong with the United Nations and How to Fix It”; and “Humanitarian Intervention: Ideas in Action.”

    One Response to The Next UN Secretary-General: Views From UN Watchers

    1. April 4, 2016 at 9:00 am

      Excellent briefing! However, it states that “In practice, SGs have always been chosen by a cabal of the [P5] on a no-objection (no veto) basis . . .”. Just to clarify, there were actual vetoes (as opposed to “discouragements” in a straw poll) during the appointment processes in 1946, 1950, 1953, 1971, 1976, 1981, and 1996. Security Council Report has a convenient reference table on this: http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/images/homepage/September%202015%20Insert.pdf

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *