• The UN’s Ninth Secretary-General Takes Office Amid Loud Calls for Change

    by  • January 19, 2017 • Secretary-General • 

    António Guterres, the new secretary-general of the United Nations, took office on Jan. 1, 2017. His first speech in the Security Council, above, centered on conflict prevention and sustaining peace. RICK BAJORNAS/UN PHOTO

    António Guterres, the new United Nations secretary-general, was chosen on merit and takes over the UN during an especially turbulent period and after a decade of low-key leadership and low staff morale. The “first” UN of governments includes the five veto-wielding members of the Security Council (P-5) that are stoking conflict, flouting international humanitarian law, breaching territorial sovereignty and whose publics are turning inward.

    The “second” UN of organizations is helping to relieve the plight of tens of millions of people displaced by wars and poverty, but is viewed by many from inside and outside as slothful and disjointed. The need for an effective world organization has never been greater, but current crises and longstanding shortcomings are exposing its weaknesses.

    Constant feedback is needed from the “third” UN, in whose name the world body was created. This fourth FUNDS global survey reflects the concerns of the global public and proposes a host of changes for the new secretary-general and his transition team to consider.

    The fourth FUNDS biennial global survey of perceptions of the UN was done at the end of 2016. It attracted more than 2,700 respondents from 154 countries. The breakdown by gender was 59/41 male/female. The largest cohort of respondents was from the private sector, followed by academia, UN staff and nongovernmental organizations.

    The general tone of the respondents was negative about the operational effectiveness of the UN today, in all but its peace operations. But the survey also sent some clear and constructive messages about the future direction of the world organization. This briefing provides a summary and analysis of key findings. To continue reading the briefing, click here.

     

    About

    Stephen Browne is a fellow of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies at the Graduate Center, City University of New York, and director of FUNDS, the Future United Nations Development System. He worked for more than 30 years in the UN development system, including as the UN representative in newly independent Ukraine and in post-conflict Rwanda in the 1990s; the humanitarian coordinator in Somalia in the 1980s; and an economic researcher in Thailand in the 1970s. He studied economics at Cambridge University and in Paris.

    Thomas G. Weiss is the Presidential Professor of Political Science and the director emeritus of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies at the City University of New York Graduate Center.

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