Counting the Nuclear Weapons of US and Russia

A fact sheet about the New Start treaty of strategic arms between the United States and Russia was released recently by the US State Department as part of the pact’s requirements of data exchange. New Start was ratified in December 2010 by the US Senate to reduce nuclear arsenals in both countries and allow for 18 mutual inspections of nuclear weapons facilities each year for the life of the 10-year treaty. The pull-backs on the arms begin seven years after the ratification.

President Obama, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev, left, and Czech Republic President Vaclav Klaus at Prague Castle on April 8, 2010, for the signing of the New Start treaty. PETE SOUZA/WHITE HOUSE PHOTO

In aggregate numbers, the facts, declared as of Sept. 1, 2011, look like this:

Deployed ICBMS (intercontinental ballistic missiles), deployed SLBMs (submarine launched ballistic missile) and deployed heavy bombers:
US: 822; Russia 516

Warheads on deployed ICBMs, on deployed SLBMs and nuclear warheads counted for deployed heavy bombers:

US: 1,790; Russia: 1,566

Deployed and nondeployed launchers of ICBMs, deployed and nondeployed launchers of SLBMs and deployed and nondeployed heavy bombers:

US: 1,043; Russia: 871

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